KENNEDY John Fitzgerald (1917- 1963) President des Etats-Unis d'Amerique.

Lot 722
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KENNEDY John Fitzgerald (1917- 1963) President des Etats-Unis d'Amerique.
MANUSCRIBED partly autograph, [presentation of Appeasement at Munich, 8 March-May 1940]; 3.5 in-4 pages on 3 typewritten pages (marginal file holes); in English. Fragment of presentation of his Harvard University dissertation, a dissertation on British disarmament policy before the Munich Accords. [This essay, Appeasement at Munich, accepted cum laude by the faculty, was rewritten and edited by Arthur Krock (winner of three Pulitzer Prizes) at the request of the author's father and published a few months later (New York, Wilfred Funk, 1940) under the title Why England Slept (an echo of Churchill's While England Slept, 1938), with a preface by Henry Luce, a press patron and friend of Joseph Kennedy, then U.S. ambassador to London and supporter of a deal with Germany.] This document could be a draft presentation of the academic dissertation, based on a typed text, extensively cross-ruled, corrected, and developed with lengthy autograph additions. The text does not appear in the "Introduction" of Kennedy's book. with erasures, corrections and additions What are his conclusions on this whole study, especially the last part? In short (based on the facts of the time, not on what happened afterwards): he believes that until the end of 1934, no party could have obtained Britain's rearmament. The first part of 1935 could have seen this from a strategic point of view, but this delay was due to a forthcoming general election. If the Conservatives were defeated, there would be no rearmament under the Socialists. However, the real responsibility, he believes, lay in a combination of what BALDWIN called the time lag of democracy, and the inability of a democratic state to compete with a totalitarian state. Kennedy added with his hand that he would talk about the problem facing Britain: getting workers and industry to cooperate without becoming totalitarian, and he would point to the German advantage... He would also point to Britain's difficult financial positio
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