oblong vellum in-fol. partly printed on the letterhead of the National Assembly, rich engraved frame (drawn by Nicolas and engraved by Delattre) with the representation of the capture of the Bastille, two red wax seals (a little broken), one of which on the preserved tricolour ribbon.
Magnificent and rare patent of Vainqueur de la Bastille.
The patent reproduces the text of the decree of June 19, 1790: "The National Assembly, struck by a just admiration for the heroic intrepidity of the Conquerors of the Bastille, and wanting to give, in the name of the Nation, a public testimony to those who have exposed and sacrificed their lives to shake the yoke of slavery, and to make their homeland free", decides to grant them arms, a suit, a patent, etc.
The present patent is awarded to Claude FOURNIER, born in 1745 in Auzon (Haute-Loire); it bears the autograph signatures of Charles LAMETH (president of the National Assembly), of the President of the Vainqueurs de la Bastille PANNETIER, and of the commissioners Fournier the elder, Sautet, Nicolas and Cholat, as well as the Vainqueur FOURNIER.
Claude FOURNIER (1745-1825), called Fournier the American because of a stay in Saint-Domingue, took part in all the great days of the revolution; after the storming of the Bastille, he escorted the prisoners of Orleans in 1791 and let them be massacred in order to rob them; protected by Roland, but denounced by Marat, he was expelled from the Cordeliers; compromised in the attack of the rue Saint-Nicaise, he was deported and then imprisoned in the château d'If].
A P. S. from Jean-Baptiste Fournier l'aîné relating to another Victor of the Bastille, Jean Nicolas Leclerc (23 pluviose II); and a L.A.S. from Claude Fournier dit l'Américain, Quimper 29 June 1819.