VAUVENARGUES Luc Clapier, marquis de (1715-1747). autograph... - Lot 197 - Drouot Estimations

Lot 197
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Result : 5 535EUR
VAUVENARGUES Luc Clapier, marquis de (1715-1747). autograph... - Lot 197 - Drouot Estimations
VAUVENARGUES Luc Clapier, marquis de (1715-1747). autograph manuscript, [Dialogues]; 7 1/2 pages in-4. Rare manuscript of three philosophical Dialogues. The Dialogues were published in the OEuvres posthumes de Vauvenargues edited by J.L.J. Brière in 1821. The manuscript, in brown ink on 4 sheets, presents some erasures and corrections. It gathers the Dialogues (here not numbered) VI, VII and XVIII. [VI] Montagne and Charron (3 pages). Dialogue between MONTAIGNE (written Montagne) and Pierre CHARRON, author of the book De la Sagesse. "Cha rron. Let us explain ourselves, my dear Montagne, since we can do it now. What did you mean when you said: Pleasant justice that a river or a mountain limits! Truth beyond the Pirenes; error beyond. [Have you pretended that there is no real truth and justice? Montag ne. I have claimed, my dear friend, that most laws are arbitrary, that the caprice of men has made them, or that violence has imposed them. Thus they have been found to be very different according to the country, and sometimes very little in conformity with the laws of natural equity. But since it is not possible for legality to be maintained among men, I claim that it is right to uphold the laws of one's own country, and that it is with good reason that justice is enforced. Without that, there would be no more rule in the society, which would be a greater evil than that of the individuals lezez by the laws"... Etc. [VII]. An American and a Portuguese (3 pages). "The American. You will not persuade me. I am very convinced that your luxury, your politeness, and your arts, have only increased our needs, corrupted our morals, further ignited our greed, in a word corrupted the nature whose laws we followed before we knew you. The Portuguese. But what do you thus call the laws of nature. Did you follow in all things your instinct. Didn't you subject it to certain rules for the good of society?"... Etc. [XVIII]. Plato and Denis the Tiran (1 page and a half). Dialogue between PLATO and the tyrant of Syracuse DENYS. "Denis. Yes, I maintain it, my dear philosopher, pity, friendship, generosity, only slide on the heart of the man. For what, there is no principle in his nature. Plato. When it would be true that the feelings of humanity would not be durable in the heart of the man.... Denis. That cannot be more true. There is no lasting thing in the heart of a man except his own love. [...] Plato. That is to say that you who were stronger and more skilful than your subjects, you were not obliged towards them to be just. But you found men even happier and more skilful than you. They drove you out of the place you had usurped. After having experienced so harshly the inconveniences of violence, should you persist in your error? But since your experience has not been able to instruct you, I would attempt it in vain. Farewell; I do not want to infect my mind with the dangerous poison of your maxims"...
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